Vitiligo affects both men and women, usually before an individual reaches age forty. Vitiligo is a skin disease that causes premature death of melanocytes (pigment-producing cells), causing the skin to turn white. Vitiligo is an autoimmune condition but the reason is unknown. Vitiligo affects approximately 1 in every 100 people in the United States.
It's associated with three other autoimmune disorders:
Symptoms of vitiligo
Normal skin regions without pigment appear suddenly or slowly. These areas possess a profound edge. The edges are well defined but intermittent. It impacts both sides of the body equally. Vitiligo is more noticeable in people with darker skin as a result of the contrast between white stains and darker skin.
Vitiligo isn't easy to cure, but there are other treatments. The first treatment options are:
1-) Light therapy: a medical procedure in which the skin is closely exposed to ultraviolet light. Light therapy can be done alone or following ingestion of a drug that makes the skin sensitive to light. A dermatologist performs this treatment.
2-) Lotions or ointments with corticosteroids.
3-) lotions or ointments with immunosuppressants such as Pymroclimus (Elidel) and Tacrolimus (Protopic).
4-) Topical medications such as Amoxicillin (Oxsoralen).
It is possible to remove the skin of those generally pigmented areas and place it in regions with a reduction of pigments. Hide vitiligo with various make-up and coverage. Ask your doctor the names of those products.
In extreme situations, where the bulk of the body is affected, the epidermis remains left. The pigment may be unpigmented. It is important to keep in mind that skin with no pigment poses a greater risk of sun damage.